Child Deception Publications

Li, Y., Li, H., Decety, J., & Lee, K. (2013). Experiencing a natural disaster alters children's altruistic giving. Psychological Science. Online Publication. doi: 10.1177/0956797613479975 [link to pdf]

Yi, L., Pan, J., Fan, Y., Zou, X., Wang, X., & Lee, K. (2013). Children with autism spectrum disorder are more trusting than typically developing children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Online Publication. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.05.005 [link to pdf]

Lee, K. (2013). Little liars: Development of verbal deception in children. Child Development Perspectives, 7(2), 91-96. doi: 10.111/cdep.12023. [link to pdf]

Ding, X., Gao, X., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2013). Neural correlates of spontaneous deception: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) study. Neuropsychologia, 51(4), 704-712. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.12.018 [link to pdf]

Xu, F., Evans, A.D., Li, C., Li, Q., Heyman, G., & Lee, K. (2013). The role of honesty and benevolence in children's judgements of trustworthiness. International Journal of Behavioural Development, 37(3), 257-265. doi: 10.1177/0165025413479861 [link to pdf]

Brunet, M.K., Evans, A.D., Talwar, V., Bala, N., Lindsay, R.C.L., & Lee, K. (2013). How children report true and fabricated stressful and non-stressful events. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. Online Publication. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2012.750896 [link to pdf]

Evans, A.D., & Lee, K. (2013). Emergence of lying in very young children. Developmental Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0031409 [link to pdf]

Saykaly, C., Talwar, V., Lindsay, R.C.L, Bala, N., & Lee, K. (2013). The influence of multiple interviews on the verbal markers of children's deception. Law and Human Behavior, 37, 187-96. doi: 10.1037/lhb0000023

Lau, Y.L., Cameron, C.A., Chieh, K.M., O’Leary, J., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2013). Cultural differences in moral justifications enhance understanding of Chinese and Canadian children’s moral decisions. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44, 461-477. doi: 10.1177/0022022112453315 [link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Fu. G., & Lee, K. (2012). Selective skepticism: American and Chinese children's reasoning about evaluative academic feedback. Developmental Psychology, 49(3), 543-555. doi: 10.1037/a0031282

Heyman, G.D., Hsu, A., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2012). Instrumental lying by parents in the U.S. and China. International Journal of Psychology, 1-9. Online Publication. doi: 10.1080/00207594.2012.746463 [link to pdf]

Kanakogi, Y., Moriguchi, Y., Fu, G., Lee, K., & Itakura, S. (2012). How does executive function contribute to source monitoring in young children? Psychologia, 55, 194-207. [link to pdf] 

Lau, Y.L., Cameron, C.A., Chieh, K.M., O’Leary, J., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2012). Cultural differences in moral justifications enhance understanding of Chinese and Canadian children’s moral decisions. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. Online publication. doi: 10.1177/0022022112453315 [link to pdf]

Fritzley, H.V., Lindsay, R., & Lee, K. (2012). Young children’s response tendencies toward yes-no questions concerning actions. Child Development, 84(2), 711-725. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12006. [link to pdf]

Fu, F., Evans, A., Xu, F., & Lee, K. (2012). Young children can tell strategic lies after committing a transgression. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 113(1), 147-158. doi: 10.1016/j.jeco.2012.04.003 [link to pdf]

Saykaly, C., Talwar, V., Lindsay, R.C.L., Bala, N.C., Lee, K., Bertrand, M. & Nugent, S.M. (2012). Adults' ability to detect deception of stressful and non-stressful stories of children. Psychology, Crime & Law. doi: 10.1080/1068316X.2012.700311. [link to pdf]

Cameron, C.A., Lau, C., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2012). Development of children’s moral evaluations of modesty and self-promotion in diverse cultural settings. Journal of Moral Education41(1), 61–78. doi: 10.1080/03057240.2011.617414 [link to pdf]

Moriguchi, Y., Evans, A., Hiraki, K., Itakura, S., & Lee, K. (2012). Cultural differences in the development of cognitive shifting: East-West comparison.Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111, 156-163. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2011.09.001 [link to pdf]

Evans, A.D., Brunet, M.K., Talwar, V., Bala, N., Lindsay, R.C.L., & Lee, K. (2011). The effects of repetition on children’s true and false reports. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2011.615808 [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2011). A punitive environment fosters children's dishonesty: A natural experiment. Child Development, 82, 1751-1758. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01663.x  [link to pdf]

Chiu Loke, I., Heyman, G.D., Forgie, J., McCarthy, A., & Lee, K. (2011). Children’s moral evaluations of reporting the transgressions of peers: Age differences in evaluations of tattling. Developmental Psychology, 47, 1757-1762. doi: 10.1037/a0025357 [link to pdf]

Evans, A.D., & Lee, K. (2011). Verbal deception from late childhood to middle adolescence and its relation to executive functioning skills. Developmental Psychology, 47, 1108-1116. doi: 10.1037/a0023425  [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., Carlson, S., & Lee, K. (2011). Effects of a punitive environment on children's executive functioning: A natural experiment. Social Development, 20, 805-824. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2011.00617 [link to pdf]

Evans, A.D., Xu, F., & Lee, K. (2011). When all signs point to you: Lies told in the face of evidence. Developmental Psychology, 47, 39-49. doi: 10.1037/a0020787 [link to pdf]

Chiu Loke, I., Evans, A.D., & Lee, K. (2011). The neural correlates of reasoning about prosocial-helping decisions: An event-related brain potentials study. Brain Research, 1369, 140-148. [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Heyman, G.D., & Lee, K. (2011). Reasoning about modesty among adolescents and adults in China and the U.S.  Journal of Adolescence, 34, 599–608. Retrieved from [link to pdf]

Zhan, J-Y., Wilding, J., Cornish, K., Shao, J., Xie, C-H., Wang, Y-X., Lee, K., Karmiloff-Smith, A., & Zhao Z-Y. (2011). Charting the developmental trajectories of attention and executive function in Chinese school-aged children. Child Neuropsychology, 17, 82-95. doi: 10.1080/09297049.2010.525500 [link to pdf]

Ma, F., Xu, F., Heyman, G.D., & Lee, K. (2011). Chinese children’s evaluations of white lies: Weighing the consequences for recipients. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108, 308-321. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2010.08.015 [link to pdf]

Li, A.S., Kelley, E.A., Evans, A.D.,  & Lee, K. (2011). Exploring the ability to deceive in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 185-195. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1045-4 [link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Itakura, S., & Lee, K. (2011). Japanese and American children's reasoning about accepting credit for prosocial behavior. Social Development, 20, 171-184. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2010.00578.x [link to pdf]

Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R.C.L., & Talwar, V. (2010). Hearing the voices of children in Canada’s criminal justice system: Recognizing capacity and facilitating testimony. Canadian Bar Review, 22(1), 21-45.[link to pdf]

Sweet, M.A., Heyman, G. D., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2010). Are there limits to collectivism? Culture and children's reasoning about lying to conceal a group transgression. Infant and Child Development, 19, 422-442. doi: 10.1002/icd.669 [link to pdf]

Evans, A.D., & Lee, K. (2010). Promising to tell the truth makes 8- to 16-year-olds more honest. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 28, 801-811. doi: 10.1002/bsl.960 [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Brunet, M.K., Lv, Y., Ding, X., Heyman, G.D., Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (2010). Chinese Children’s moral evaluation of lies and truths- roles of context and parental individualism-collectivism tendencies. Infant and Child Development, 19, 498-515. doi: 10.1002/icd.680 [link to pdf]

Xu, F., Bao, X., Fu, G., Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2010). Lying and truth-telling in children: From concept to action. Child Development, 81, 581–596. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01417.x [link to pdf]

Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R.C.L., & Talwar, V. (2010). The competency of children to testify: Psychological research informing Canadian law reform. International Journal of Children’s Rights, 18, 53–77. [link to pdf]

Xu, F., Luo, Y.C., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2009). Children’s and adults’ conceptualization and evaluation of lying and truth-telling. Infant & Child Development, 18, 307-322. doi: 10.1002/icd.631 [link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Fu, G., Sweet, M. A., Lee, K. (2009). Children’s reasoning about evaluative feedback. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 875-890. doi: 10.1348/026151008X390870 [link to pdf]

Eskritt, M., & Lee, K. (2009). Children’s informational reliance during inconsistent communication: The public–private distinction. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 104, 214–228. [link to pdf]

Boseovski, J.J., Shallwani, S., & Lee, K. (2009). ‘It’s all good’: Children’s personality attributions after repeated success and failure in peer and computer interactions. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 783–797. doi: 10.1348/026151008X377839 [link to pdf]

Evans, A.D., Lee, K., & Lyon, T.D. (2009).  Complex questions asked by defense lawyers but not prosecutors predicts convictions in child abuse trials. Law and Human Behavior, 33, 258-264. doi: 10.1007/s10979-008-9148-6 [link to pdf]

McCarthy, A., & Lee, K. (2009). Children’s knowledge of deceptive gaze cues and its relation to their actual lying behavior. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 103(2), 117-134. [link to pdf]

Harada, T., Itakura, S., Xu, F., Lee, K., Nakashita, S., Saito, D.N., & Sadato, N. (2009). Neural correlates of the judgment of lying: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuroscience Research, 63(1), 24-34. [link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Sweet, M.A., & Lee, K. (2009). Children’s reasoning about lie-telling and truth-telling in politeness contexts. Social Development, 18, 728-746. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2008.00495.x [link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Luua, D.H., & Lee, K. (2009). Parenting by lying. Journal of Moral Education, 38, 353–369. doi: 10.1080/03057240903101630 [link to pdf]

Leach, A-M., Lindsay, R.C.L., Koehler, R., Beaudry, J.L., Bala, N.C., Lee, K., & Talwar, V. (2009). The reliability of lie detection performance. Law and Human Behavior, 33, 96-109. doi: 10.1007/s10979-008-9137-9[link to pdf]

Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2008). Social and cognitive correlates of children’s lying behavior. Child Development, 79, 866–881. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01164.x [link to pdf]

Boseovski, J.J., & Lee, K. (2008). Seeing the world through rose-colored glasses? Neglect of consensus information in young children’s personality judgments. Social Development, 17, 399-416. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00431.x [link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2008). Reasoning about the disclosure of success and failure to friends among children in the United States and China. Developmental Psychology, 44, 908-918. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.44.4.908 [link to pdf]

Eskritt, M., Whalen, J., & Lee, K. (2008). Preschoolers can recognize violations of the Gricean Maxims. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 26, 435-443. doi: 10.1348/026151007X253260 [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Evans, A.D., Wang, L., & Lee, K. (2008). Lying in the name of the collective good: A developmental study. Developmental Science, 11, 495-503. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2008.00695.x [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., Murphy, S.M., & Lee, K. (2007). White lie-telling in children for politeness purposes. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 1-11. doi: 10.1177/0165025406073530 [link to pdf]

Moriguchi, Y., Lee, K., & Itakura, S. (2007). Social transmission of disinhibition in young children. Developmental Science, 10, 481-491. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00601.x [link to pdf]

Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2007). Social grooming in kindergarten: The emergence of flattery behavior. Developmental Science, 10, 255-265. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00583.x[link to pdf]

Fu, G., Xu, F., Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (2007). Cross-cultural differences in children's choices, categorizations and evaluations of truths and lies. Developmental Psychology, 43, 278-293. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.2.278 [link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2007). Evaluating claims people make about themselves: The development of skepticism. Child Development, 78, 367-375. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01003.x [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., Gordon, H. M., & Lee, K. (2007). Lying in elementary school years: Verbal deception and its relation to second-order belief understanding. Developmental Psychology, 43, 804-810. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.3.804 [link to pdf]

Heyman, G., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2007). Children's skepticism in two cultures. Child Development, 78, 367-375.

Sabbagh, M.A., Xu, F., Carlson, S.M., Moses, L.J., & Lee, K. (2006). The development of executive functioning and theory-of-mind: A comparison of Chinese and U.S. preschoolers. Psychological Science, 17, 74-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01667.x [link to pdf]

Bala, N., Ramakrishnan, K., Lindsay, R., & Lee, K. (2005). Judicial assessment of the credibility of child witnesses. Alberta Law Review, 42(4), 1-23. Retrieved from

Leach, A-M., Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2004). "Intuitive lie detection" of childrens deception by law enforcement officials and university students. Law and Human Behavior, 28, 661-685. doi: 10.1007/s10979-004-0793-0 [link to pdf]

Freire, A., Eskritt, M., & Lee, K. (2004). Are eyes windows to a deceiver's soul: Children's use of another's eye gaze cues in a deceptive situation. Developmental Psychology, 40, 1093-1104. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.40.6.1093 [link to pdf]

Symons, L.A., Lee. K., Cedrone, C.C., & Nishimura, M. (2004). What are you looking at? Acuity for triadic eye gaze. Journal of General Psychology, 131(4), 451-469. [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2004). Children's lie-telling to conceal a parent's transgression: Legal implications. Law and Human Behavior, 28, 411-435. doi: 10.1023/B:LAHU.0000039333.51399.f6 [link to pdf]

Freire, A., Lee., K., Williamson, K.S., Stuart, S.J.E., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2004). Lineup identification by children: Effects of clothing bias. Law and Human Behavior, 28, 339-354. doi: 10.1023/B:LAHU.0000029142.00834.e3 [link to pdf]

Fritzley, V.H., & Lee, K. (2003). Do young children always say yes to yes/no questions? A metadevelopmental study of the affirmation bias. Child Development, 74(5), 1297-1313. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00608 [link to pdf]

Eskritt, M., & Lee, K. (2003). Do actions speak louder than words? Preschool children's use of the verbal-nonverbal consistency principle during inconsistent communications. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 27, 25-41. doi: 10.1023/A:1023614123081 [link to pdf]

Kisilevsky, B.S., Hains, S.M.J., Lee, K., Xie, X., Huang, H., Ye, H.H., Zhang K., & Wang, Z. (2003). Effects of experience on fetal voice recognition. Psychological Science, 14, 220-224. doi: 10.1111/1467-9280.02435 [link to pdf]

K. Lee, Cameron, C.A., Doucette, J., & Talwar, V. (2002). Phantoms and fabrications: Young children’s detection of implausible lies. Child Development, 73, 1688-1702. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.t01-1-00499 [link to pdf]

Eskritt, M., & Lee, K. (2002). “Remember where you last saw that card”: Children’s production of external symbols as a memory aid. Developmental Psychology, 38, 254-266. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.38.2.254 [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2002). Children's conceptual knowledge of lying and its relation to their actual behaviors: Implications for court competence examinations. Law and Human Behavior, 26, 395-415. doi: 10.1023/A:1016379104959 [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2002). Development of lying to conceal a transgression: Children's control of expressive behavior during verbal deception. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 436-444. doi: 10.1080/01650250143000373 [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2002). Emergence of white lie telling in children between 3 and 7 years of age. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 48, 160-181.[link to pdf]

Xu, F., Homer, B., & Lee, K. (2002). The effects of literacy on Chinese children's early word awareness. Psychological Science (China), 25, 672-675. doi: CNKI:SUN:XLKX.0.2002-06-008 

Lee, K., Xu, F., Fu, G., Cameron, C.A., & Chen, S. (2001). Taiwan and Mainland Chinese and Canadian children’s categorization and evaluation of lie- and truth-telling: A modesty effect. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 19, 525-542. doi: 10.1348/026151001166236 [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Lee, K., Cameron, C.A., & Xu, F. (2001). Chinese and Canadian adults’ categorization and evaluation of lie- and truth-telling about pro- and anti-social behaviors. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 32, 740-747. [link to pdf]

Eskritt, M., Lee, K., & Donald, M. (2001). The influence of symbolic literacy on memory: Testing Plato’s hypothesis. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55, 39-50. doi: 10.1037/h0087351 [link to pdf]

Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R., & Talwar, V. (2000). A legal & psychological critique of the present approach to the assessment of the competence of child witnesses. Osgood Hall Law Journal, 38, 409 - 643. Retrieved from 

Bala, N., Lee, K., & Lindsay, R. (2001). R. v. M: Failing to appreciate the testimonial capacity of children. Criminal Reports, 40, 93-106.

Lee, K., & Cameron, C.A. (2000). Extracting truthful information from lies: Emergence of the expression-representation distinction. Merrill Palmer Quarterly-Journal of Developmental Psychology, 46, 1-20. [link to pdf]

Sapp, F., Lee, K., & Muir, D. (2000). Three-year-olds’ difficulty with the appearance-reality distinction: Is it real or apparent? Developmental Psychology, 36, 547-560. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.36.5.547 [link to pdf]

Schuman, J., Bala, N., & Lee, K. (1999). Developmentally appropriate questions for child witnesses. Queen’s Law Journal, 25, 251 - 304. [link to pdf]

Lee, K., Olson, D., & Torrance, N. (1999). Chinese children’s understanding of false beliefs: The role of language. Journal of Child Language, 26, 1-21. doi: 10.1017/S0305000998003626 [link to pdf]

Lee, K., & Eskritt, M. (1999). Beyond the Gricean Maxims: Conversational awareness as a multifaceted domain of knowledge (Commentary). Developmental Science, 2, 27-28. doi: 10.1111/1467-7687.00049

Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (1999). Emergent use of English grammatical morphemes by Chinese-speaking children. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 37, 43-58. [link to pdf]

Lee, K., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Cameron, C.A., & Dodsworth, P. (1998). Notational adaptation in children. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des Sciences du comportement, 30, 159-171. doi: 10.1037/h0087059

Lee, K., Eskritt, M., Symons, L.A., & Muir, D. (1998). Children’s use of triadic eye gaze information for "mind reading". Developmental Psychology, 34, 525-539. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.34.3.525 [link to pdf]

Lee, K., Cameron, C.A., Xu, F., Fu, G., & Board, J. (1997). Chinese and Canadian children’s evaluations of lying and truth-telling: Similarities and differences in the context of pro-and antisocial behaviours. Child Development, 68, 924-934. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1997.tb01971.x [link to pdf]

Lee, K., & Ross, H.J. (1997). The concept of lying in adolescents and young adults: Testing Sweetser’s folkioristic model. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly - Jounral of Developmental Psychology, 43, 255-270. [link to pdf]

Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (1997). The development of children's telephone communication. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 18, 55-70. doi: 10.1016/S0193-3973(97)90014-9 [link to pdf]

Lindsay, R.C.L., Craig, W., Lee, K., Pozzulo, J., & Corber, S. (1997). Simultaneous lineups, sequential lineups, and showups: Eyewitness identification decisions of adults and children. Law and Human Behavior, 21, 391-404. doi: 10.1023/A:1024807202926 [link to pdf]

Lee, K., & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1996). The development of cognitive constraints on notations. Archieves de Psychologie, 64, 3-26. Retrieved from 



Lee, K., & Talwar, V. (in press). Children and lying: A century of scientific research. Oxford, UK.: Blackwell Publisher

Lee, K. (2000). Childhood cognitive development: The essential readings. Malden, MA, US.: Blackwell Publisher.

Lee, K. (1999, Ed.). Blackwell's reader in cognitive development. Oxford, UK.: Blackwell Publisher


Book Chapters

Lee, K. & Evans, A.D. (in press). Morality, deception, and lying. In M. Killen, & J. Smetana (Eds.), Handbook of Moral Development.

Lee, K. & Evans, A.D. (in press). Becoming a moral relativist: Children’s moral conceptions of honesty and dishonesty in different social contexts. In M. R. Banaji & S. A. Gelman (Eds.), Navigating the social world: What infants, children, and other species can teach us. New York: Oxford University Press.

Talwar, V., Lee, K., & Lindsay, R. (2011). In S. Anand (Ed.), Paradoxes of children's rights. Irwin Law.

Lee, K., & Evans, A. (in press). Development of social pragmatics of deceptive communication. In T. Matsui (Eds.), Pragmatics and theory of mind. New York: John Benjamins.

Talwar, V., Lindsay, R., & Lee, K. (2011). The child witness project: Examining the assessment of competence of child witnesses. In S. Anand (Eds.), Children and the law: Essays in honour of Professor Nicholas Bala (pp.77-92). Toronto: Irwin Law Inc.

Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2008). Little liars: How children learn to do deceptive things with words? In S. Itakura & K. Fujita (Eds.), Origins of the social mind: Evolutionary and developmental views. Japan: Springer.

Bartlett, M., Littlewort, G., Vural, E., Lee, K., Cetin, M., Ercil, A., & Movellan, J. (2008). Data mining spontaneous facial behavior with automatic expression coding. In A. Esposito, N.G. Burbakis, N. Avouris, & I. Hatzilygenroudis (Eds.), Verbal and nonverbal features of human-human and human-machine interaction. Berlin: Springer.

Lee, K., & Freire, A. (2003). Cognition in adolescence. In A. Slater & J. G. Bremner (Eds.), Developmental Psychology (pp.359-387). Oxford: Blackwell.

Lee, K., & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2001). Micro- and macro-development: Assumptions, promises, & constraints. In N. Granott & J. Parziale (Eds.), Microdevelopmental clues: Transition processes in development and learning (pp.243-265). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lee, K. (2000). The development of lying: How children do deceptive things with words. In J. W. Astington (Eds.), Minds in the making (pp.177-196). Oxford: Blackwell.

Lee, K., & Homer, B. (1998). Children as folk psychologists: The developing understanding of the mind. In A. Slater and D. Muir (Eds.), Blackwell’s reader in developmental psychology (228-252). Oxford, UK.: Blackwell.

Lee, K., Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1996). The development of external symbol systems: The child as a notator. In R. Gelman, & T. Kit-Fong (Eds.), Perceptual and cognitive development. Handbook of perception and cognition (2nd ed.) (pp. 185-211). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.


Other Publications

Journal Articles

Kisilevsky, B.S., Hains, S.M.J., Brown, C.A., Lee, C.T., Cowperthwaite, B., Stutzman, S.S., Swansburg, M.L., Lee, K. et al. (2009). Fetal sensitivity to properties of maternal speech and language. Infant Behavior & Development, 32, 59-71. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.10.002 [link to pdf]

Boseovski, J.J., & Lee, K. (2006). Children's Use of Frequency Information for Trait Categorization and Behavioral Prediction. Developmental Psychology, 42, 500-513. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.42.3.500 [link to pdf]

Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (1997). Bridging the gap between home and school with voice-mail technology. Journal of Educational Research, 90, 182-190. Retrieved from [link to pdf]

Cameron, C.A., Lee, K., Webster, S., Munro, K., Hunt, A.K., & Linton, M.J. (1995). Text cohesion in children's narrative writing. Applied Psycholinguistics, 16, 257-269. doi: 10.1017/S0142716400007293 [link to pdf]

Lee, K., Cameron, C.A., Linton, M.J., & Hunt, A.K. (1994). Referential place-holding in Chinese children's acquisition of English articles. Applied Psycholinguistics, 15, 29-43. doi: 10.1017/S0142716400006962 [link to pdf]

Lee, K., & Chen, L. (1996). The development of metacognitive knowledge of basic motor skill: Walking. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 157, 361-375. doi: 10.1080/00221325.1996.9914872 [link to pdf]

Xu, F., Homer, B., & Lee, K. (2002). The effects of literacy on Chinese children's early word awareness. Psychological Science, 25, 672-675. doi: CNKI:SUN:XLKX.0.2002-06-008